What is the G20

What is the G20, and what is its primary purpose on the global stage?

By Joanne Cassar / 12. Sep 2023

In an increasingly interconnected world, global challenges demand global solutions.

The Group of Twenty, or G20, represents a pivotal platform for international economic cooperation.

Comprising the world's major advanced and emerging economies, the G20 plays a crucial role in addressing economic and financial issues, fostering stability, and promoting sustainable growth on a global scale.

In this blog post, we will delve into the essence of the G20 and explore its primary purpose on the global stage.

The Birth of the G20

The G20 was established in 1999 in response to the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s.

Initially, it was a forum for finance ministers and central bank governors, but it gained greater prominence in the wake of the 2008 global financial crisis.

The need for a broader, more inclusive platform to address pressing economic issues became evident, leading to the elevation of the G20 to a leaders' summit.

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Membership and Composition

The G20 consists of 19 individual countries and the European Union, representing the world's largest and most influential economies.

Its member nations are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Together, they account for approximately 80% of the world's GDP and two-thirds of its population.

Primary Purpose on the Global Stage

The primary purpose of the G20 on the global stage can be summarized in three key objectives:

  1. Economic Stability and Growth: The G20's foremost responsibility is to promote global economic stability and sustainable growth. This involves discussions and agreements on fiscal and monetary policies, exchange rates, trade, and investment. By coordinating these policies, the G20 seeks to prevent financial crises and encourage economic recovery when necessary.

  2. International Financial Regulation: In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, the G20 assumed a central role in reforming the global financial system. Through initiatives like the Basel III framework for banking regulation, the G20 aims to strengthen the resilience and stability of the financial sector, reducing the risk of future crises.

  3. Addressing Global Challenges: Beyond economic matters, the G20 also addresses pressing global challenges, including climate change, poverty, and inequality. In recent years, climate change has become a focal point of G20 discussions, with member countries committing to reducing carbon emissions and promoting sustainable development.

The G20's approach to global challenges is unique because it brings together leaders from diverse political and economic backgrounds.

This diversity allows for a richer exchange of ideas and solutions, potentially leading to more comprehensive and effective global policies.

The Tools


The G20 is a vital platform for international economic cooperation, with a mission to foster economic stability, sustainable growth, and global solutions to pressing challenges.

Its member nations, representing a significant portion of the world's economic power, come together to discuss and coordinate policies that impact people's lives around the globe.

As our world continues to face complex economic and environmental issues, the G20 remains a beacon of hope, working tirelessly to shape a more stable and prosperous future for all.